This museum features historical samples of written literature. The statue in front of the museum, commemorates the memory of poet Nizami Ganjavi. It was designed by Fuad Abdurahmanov in 1949.
From Nizami Square , walk left through the double arches of the Fortress Wall. The wall encircles the most ancient part of Baku called "Ichari Shahar" (Inner City), and preserves the image of a medieval Oriental citadel. The buildings located outside the fortress walls were primarily constructed during the Oil Boom-1870 to 1920.
Market Square and Haji-Bani Bathhouse
This area was excavated in mid-1960s and found to date back to the 16-17th century.
Baku 's landmark symbol is believed to date to 12th century. The name of the Tower-Maiden's-is explained by numerous legends concerning a determined young lady pursued by a despotic local king (sometimes identified as her father), who reportedly imprisoned her in this Tower. According to the legend, rather than becoming his lover, she committed suicide by throwing herself from the Tower into the Caspian Sea .
Friday (Juma) Mosque
The minaret on this mosque that has been reconstructed dates to 1441. The original mosque was constructed by Shirvan-shah Khalil I. In the 1900s, the mosque was completely renovated by Haji Shikhali Dadashev, a rich merchant and ship owner. The Madraseh (religious school) and Mosque date to 1301.
The Philharmonic Hall, originally constructed as a former public assembly in 1910-1912, the architectural design was based on a famous casino in Monte Carlo . During the Soviet period, the building was converted into a music hall for which it continues to be used today. The Philharmonic has an outdoor concert shell on the south side towards the sea.
Baku 's most ornate palatial residence-the Ismayiliye Palace-was built by oil baron Agha Musa Naghiyev (1849-1919), who was known as both the richest oil baron in Baku as well as the stingiest one. This beautiful edifice in Venetian Gothic style was designed by J. K. Ploshko between 1907-1913. Naghiyev gifted it to the Benevolent Societies of Azerbaijan in memory of his son who had died of tuberculosis at an early age. For this reason, it takes its name after Naghiyev's son, Ismayil. The architecture of the palace is strikingly reminiscent of Palazzo Contarini in Venice .
Palace of Shirvan Shahs
After passing City Hall, go back inside the Fortress walls, to the extraordinary architecture of the 15th century, known as the Royal Palace of Shirvan-Shahs-Kings of Shirvan. The complex has four levels and six integral parts. It was constructed in 1435-1442 by King Khalil and his son Farrokh Yassar. In 1964, the Palace was assigned the status of a national museum.
Caspian Sea Cruise
Explore Baku Bay and listen to the rich history of the Caspian Sea as you take in the Baku skyline. See Baku from another angle. Go on a cruise around the world's largest enclosed body of water.
Fire Worshippers' Temple
Explore the Temple of Fire Worshippers and find out how Azerbaijan got its name. Learn the Indian origin of the temple as you examine the inscriptions on the walls of the temple and survey the unique exhibits in the museum that stands on the site. The temple was restored in the 18th century and has cells where pilgrims from all over the world spend the night.
Gobustan occupies the south-eastern spur of the Great Caucasian Range and situated 60 km south of Baku. It is a monticulate semi-desert area dissected by numerous gullies and ravines and Gobustan, in translation, means "ravine land". Caves and rock outcroppings surround the region. Settled since the Stone Age the area is one of the major and most ancient museums of rock engravings (petrogliphs) in the world.
Yanar Dag (Fire Mountain)
Yanar Dag (Azerbaijani: Yanar Dağ, translated as "Fire Mountain"), is a visually stunning natural gas fire which blazes continuously on a hillside on the Absheron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea near Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, which itself is known as the “land of fire.” Unlike Mud Volcanoes, the Yanar Dag flame burns fairly steadily, as it is not a periodic eruption, but a steady seep of gas from the subsurface.